Standard Operating Guideline #3: Weekly Fire Pump Inspection

Standard Operating Guideline # SG-3

Fire Pump Inspections:

  1. Purpose:
  2. Responsibilities:


This procedure establishes guidelines for the weekly/monthly inspection and testing of all fire pumps within Longwood University by representatives of the University’s staff.  This Procedure is base on NFPA 25 Standard for the Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, Chapter Eight. The purpose of inspection and testing shall be to verify the pump starts upon loss of pressure and the pump assembly is in operating condition and is free from physical damage. Any deficiency found will require immediate correction with the appropriate qualified personnel able to make the corrections as directed by the Office of Environmental Health, Occupational Safety, and Emergency Management.



The University representative is responsible for the weekly/monthly inspection and testing of all fire pumps in buildings within their area of responsibility. Upon identification of any deficiencies it is the responsibility of the representative to notify the Office of EHS&EM who will in turn schedule qualified personnel to make repairs.  University representatives will be responsible for maintaining the fire pump at the recommended PM frequencies of the pump manufacturer.


  1. Guidelines:
  2. The University representative shall contact University Communications Center and advise them that they will be performing the monthly fire pump test and will be putting associated fire alarm system(s) into trouble.


  1. Each month the electrical pumps shall be run a minimum of 10 minutes and the diesel pumps shall be run a minimum of 30 minutes (if applicable).
  2. The fire pump testing will consist of a visual inspection before running the pump and observations while the pump is running. Where applicable, information shall be recorded on the Fire Pump Inspection Form. Copy attached.
  1. The fire pump test shall be done without flowing water (churn) with all valves in their “normal” position.
  2. Turn the jockey pump off.
  1. Start the pump with a drop in system pressure. To do this, open the drain cock located near the pump controller. Record the pump starting pressure.
  2. Check the pump packing glands to verify that a slight discharge of water is visible. If no water is dripping, have qualified personnel adjust the packing gland nuts appropriately.
  1. Check for excessive vibration, unusual noise, or other signs of malfunction. Make corrections as needed. Discontinue the test if destructive failure appears imminent. Make repairs as soon as possible. If all appears normal continue with the test.
  2. Record the system suction and discharge pressures. Record other system data as listed on the appropriate checklist.
  1. Periodically verify that the pump and driver are not overheating during the test.
  2. Stop the fire pump manually, if not “auto stop” equipped.
  1. Return the jockey pump to the on/auto position. Return the fire pump controller to the on/auto position. Restore the fire alarm panel to normal.  
  2. Notify Security that the test is complete and that the alarm system should be put back to normal service.
  1. Once test data is recorded, compare it to previous tests to determine if the pump is operating satisfactorily. Significant differences in operation should be analyzed as to the cause. Corrective actions should be completed as soon as possible and the pump retested.
  2. References:



NFPA 25 Standard for Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems.




Fire Pump Test Sheet – Blank Form